Tips for Troubleshooting and Debugging Code

Feb 13, 2023·2 min read
by Anthony Coffey

As a software developer, debugging is an important part of your job. Here are some tips to help you become more effective at debugging code:

  • Use a debugger: Debuggers are a powerful tool that can help you step through your code and see what's happening at each stage. Most programming languages have built-in debuggers, and there are also third-party debuggers available for many languages.

  • Step through the code: When debugging, it can be helpful to step through the code line by line. This will allow you to see what is happening at each stage of the program's execution, and can help you identify where bugs are occurring.

  • Break the problem down: When faced with a complex bug, it can be helpful to break the problem down into smaller pieces. Try to isolate the code that is causing the issue, and focus on that first.

  • Check your assumptions: Often, bugs are caused by incorrect assumptions about the state of the system. Make sure you understand the code and the data you're working with, and verify your assumptions before making any changes.

  • Pay attention: When debugging, it's important to pay attention to what's happening in your code. If you're not paying attention, you might miss important details that could help you solve the problem.

  • Take breaks: Debugging can be a frustrating process, and it's easy to get stuck in a loop of trying the same thing over and over again. Taking breaks can help you clear your mind and come back with a fresh perspective.

  • Write test cases: Writing test cases can help you catch bugs before they make it into production. Use automated testing tools to help you quickly and easily run your test cases.

  • Use logging: Logging can be a powerful tool for debugging. Use logging statements to track the flow of your code, and to help you identify where bugs are occurring.